I.            Legal aid in Australia:- Australia has a federal system of the Government comprising the federal, state and territory jurisdictions. The Australian (Commonwealth) and State and Territory governments are responsible for the provision of legal aid for matters arising under their laws.

Legal aid for both the Commonwealth and State matters is primarily delivered through the State and Territory legal aid commissions (LACs), which are independent statutory agencies established under the State and Territory legislation.  The Australian Government funds the provision of the legal aid for Commonwealth family, the civil and criminal law matters under the agreements with State and the Territory governments and LACs. The majority of the Commonwealth matters fall within the family law jurisdiction.  

II.         Legal aid in Canada:- In Canada, a strong legal aid system is one of the pillars that support the system of the justice. The main aim of providing legal aid in Canada is to guarantee that the people who are economically disadvantaged have an equitable access to the justice system.

Legal aid can be provided for a variety of legal problems, including criminal matters, family disputes, the immigration and refugee hearings, and the poverty law issues as well as landlord or tenant disputes and employment insurance.

Aid for the legal representative or advice is available all across the province in Canada. Most offices process the applicant’s application, issue legal aid certificates to financially eligible applicants, which allow them to receive the legal service from the lawyer of their choice.